What is Information Governance? Why is it Important?

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Written By Haissam Abdul Malak

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Information governance and records management are essential responsibilities of any business. Without them, businesses risk fines and lawsuits due to violations of labor law regulations, as well as compliance with privacy regulations.

Information governance is the management of information resources. It ensures that an organization’s information assets are used effectively, efficiently, and securely. In terms of information security, it also provides protection against unauthorized access to data and systems.

There are only so many hours in a day, but with all the tasks and deadlines that need to be completed, how do you find time to complete your enterprise’s information governance project?

This article will explain what information governance is and why it is important in businesses.

Introduction: What is Information Governance?

Information governance is the management of information resources. It ensures that an organization’s information assets are used effectively, efficiently, and securely. With regards to data security, it also provides protection against unauthorized access to data and systems.

Information governance is an important part of information management and any successful business strategy. It helps organizations develop a strategy to meet their business objectives while ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements and minimizing risks associated with information risks.

It can be divided into three types: data governance, information policy management and IT Governance. Data governance deals with all the aspects of data creation and usage within an organization. Information policy management deals with all the aspects of policies for sharing data with external organizations or individuals. IT Governance deals with all the aspects of IT systems in an organization including hardware, software, networks etc.

Why Information Governance is Important?

Information governance is important because it helps organizations ensure that they have a healthy and secure environment for their data. It also helps them to address any potential threats or risks that may arise with their data.


There are many benefits to implementing effective Information governance within an organization. IG can help to improve the quality of corporate data, ensure compliance with regulatory requirements, and protect sensitive information.

Additionally, It can help to improve communication and collaboration between different departments within an organization, as well as between different organizations.

The list of information governance benefits includes:

1- Improved decision-making

When organizations have quick and easy access to accurate and up-to-date information, decision-makers are able to make more informed decisions.

Among the top information governance benefits is the ability to give the higher management the ability to take informed decisions to drive more success for the organization.

2- Reduced risk

IG benefits allow organizations to protect themselves from risks such as data breaches, regulatory fines, and litigation.


It can help reduce risks in several ways:

– By ensuring that accurate and up-to-date information is available, IG can help reduce the risk of making decisions based on outdated or incorrect data.

– By establishing clear policies and procedures for managing information, IG can help reduce the risk of information being misused or mishandled.

– By ensuring that information is properly protected, IG can help reduce the risk of unauthorized access or disclosure.

3- Improved compliance

Among the top information governance benefits is the ability for organizations to meet compliance requirements and avoid costly penalties.

It can improve compliance by ensuring that information is accurate, complete, and accessible. It can also help organizations to identify and track compliance risks, and to develop and implement policies and procedures to mitigate those risks.

Additionally, it can help organizations to monitor and report on compliance activities, and to investigate and resolve compliance issues.

4- Enhanced security

Among the top information governance benefits is able to safeguard their data from internal and external threats.

IG is the combination of processes, policies, and technologies that organizations use to manage information. When it is effective, it can help organizations to protect their information from security threats.

Organizations can use IG to control access to information, track and monitor information usage, and ensure that information is accurate and up-to-date. By doing so, organizations can make it more difficult for unauthorized individuals to access sensitive information.

Additionally, it can help organizations identify and respond to security threats more quickly.

5- Improved efficiency

By streamlining information management processes and eliminating duplicate data, organizations can save time and resources.

6- Increased customer satisfaction

When customers can easily find the information they need, they are more likely to be satisfied with your organization.

7- Increased shareholder value


Organizations that effectively manage their information can create shareholder value by improving operational efficiency, reducing

Types of Information Governance Models

IG is the process of managing and controlling information in an organization. It’s a way to make sure that the right people are in charge of information, that it’s being used properly, and that it remains protected.

There are 4 types of info policy models:

1- IG policy

This type of policy is used by organizations who need to keep track of data they create and store. They use this model when they have a large amount of data or need to share it with others outside the company.

2- Information control policy

This type of policy is used by organizations who need to protect their data from unauthorized access or use. They use this model when they want to keep their data private or when they don’t want outsiders to know about certain aspects within their company or industry.

3- Data ownership policy

This type of policy is used by organizations who need to control who can use data and for what purposes. They use this model when they want to be able to control who has access to their data, what it can be used for, and how long the data is kept.

4- Data retention policy

This type of policy is used by organizations that need to control how long they keep data.

Retention periods for long-term retention: This type of policy is used by organizations that need to control how long they keep data and when it should be deleted or archived.

• Retention periods for short-term retention: This type of policy is used by organizations that need to control how long specific users have access to data.

What is Included in Information Governance?

IG includes four main components:

Information Governance Models and How they Work

IG Models help businesses to manage the information that they create.

The four primary models are:

1. Information Lifecycle Management (ILM)

The information lifecycle model focuses on the management of data throughout its life cycle, from creation to disposal. In this model, data is managed at each stage of the process by a different party in order to ensure that it is appropriately controlled, archived, and disposed of when no longer needed or appropriate for use. This model is often used by companies that have an established business practice in the form of a document management system (DMS).

Data owners decide which documents should be archived and which should be deleted after a certain period of time. Organization owners or members decide which people are authorized to receive documents. Document owners decide what types of metadata should be included in the document and can include special instructions for how the content should be managed. The product owner decides how long certain documents are kept in a specific folder, which folders are included, and how many backups.

2. The Information Value Model

The Information Value Model is a model used in enterprise information governance to help organizations define the value of their information assets. It has been implemented for use by many organizations around the world, including the United States Department of Energy, the International Football Association Board, and more recently by The University of Texas System.

3. The Information Flow Model

The Information Flow Model is a framework for information governance. It was developed by David Wiley, based on the idea that information should flow from the bottom up and not from the top down. This model is not utilized in all countries, but it is one of many models that have been created to organize and govern information flows.

4. Governance and Risk Management Models

In recent times, with the increase in the number of information assets, governance and risk management models have been implemented, to ensure that all data are protected. This is particularly important in the professional digital industry which is constantly evolving.

Information Governance Models Application in Organizations

The most common types of organizations are private companies and public sector organizations.

Private companies may use ILM to organize the flow of information from creation through usage.

Public sector organizations may use ILM to manage the flow of information from creation through its release into the public domain. It is also used in government agencies such as health departments, hospitals, and schools as well as non- profit organizations. ILM is an example of the open source approach to software development.

Information Policy vs Data Policy

Data policy is the set of rules that govern the collection, use, and sharing of data. Information policy is the set of rules that govern the access to information and freedom of expression.

In recent years, there has been a debate about whether information policy should be separate from data policy. Some argue that this would help to ensure transparency and accountability in data policies. Others point out that this might lead to increased confusion among citizens who are already struggling with understanding how their personal data is being used.

What are the Best Practices for an Effective Implementation of an Information Management Policy?

There are many ways to implement an effective information management policy. However, the best practices for any organization are as follows:

– Think about the importance of your data and how it will be used

– Establish a clear understanding of what constitutes personal data, sensitive data, and confidential information

– Make sure that you have a strong governance structure in place that includes people with knowledge of the company’s data and policies

– Ensure you have a clear understanding of your business objectives before implementing your policy

What are the 3 Information Governance Principles?

Information governance principles are developed to ensure that information is managed properly for the benefit of the organization. These principles can also be used to establish an effective information management system.

IG principles are as follows:

* Information should be accessible,

* Information should be retained for as long as it is needed, and

* Information should be accurate and reliable.

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