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The differences between BPM vs RPA have long been a source of controversy for organizations seeking to automate business processes in order to increase overall business operations efficiencies.
While BPM and RPA complement one other and help with the seamless implementation of enterprise-wide digital transformation, they are different in their own right.
BPM is concerned with simplifying and reengineering core business processes in order to increase efficiency. RPA, on the other hand, is a technology that deals with smaller, repetitive activities conducted by bots as part of a business process.
Organizations all across the world are feeling the urge to digitize operations, and they envision a future in which regular tasks are totally automated.
Digital transformation is not an overnight process; it is a lengthy road filled with hurdles, but with today’s modern technology, it is feasible to accelerate and complete the journey.
BPM solutions have long been an important part of many organizations’ digital transformation strategies. They have been used to digitalize operations with the goal of achieving the most efficient manner of conducting business while lowering costs and increasing productivity.
As technology advances, new approaches are offered to assist in automating repetitive everyday tasks that occupy a significant amount of time from your employees and doing so in a much faster and more precise manner.
As businesses seek innovative technologies to improve their business operations, robotic process automation (RPA) has grown in favor as the most recent automation technology.
In this article, we explain the difference between BPM and RPA (BPM vs RPA) and how both may contribute to a wider digital process automation strategy. In addition to a table summarizing the differences between BPM vs RPA for your future reference.
What is RPA?
RPA is the use of software robots, which are computer programs with sophisticated capabilities like as artificial intelligence and machine learning, to automate manual and repetitive human processes based on business rules.
Employees can utilize these technologies to record themselves performing these manual and time-consuming tasks in a variety of digital platforms. Later, automated bots can emulate the observed behavior by talking with programs in the same way that an individual does, but more effectively and consistently.
Common examples and use cases are automation of data entry, data extraction, and invoice processing.
Employees will be able to focus on more critical everyday operations by automating manual and routine processes with robotic process automation tools. This would result in significant increases in efficiency, morale, and skillset enhancement.
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What is BPM?
As per BPM.com, Business Process Management (BPM) is a discipline involving any combination of modeling, automation, execution, control, measurement and optimization of business activity flows, in support of enterprise goals, spanning systems, employees, customers and partners within and beyond the enterprise boundaries.
Organizations use it to establish, manage, and optimize business processes. It entails assessing each process independently while also considering its role throughout the enterprise.
Time is lost, deadlines are missed, customers are dissatisfied, and so on when processes are inefficient and unoptimized.
According to IDC study, inefficient processes may cost businesses up to 20-30% of their annual revenue.
A key component is the regular fine-tuning of processes with the objective of optimizing as much as possible. This might be as easy as deleting a step in a process or totally rebuilding it from beginning to end.
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6 Differences Between BPM vs RPA
Each business has a set of activities, events, and decisions that move work from beginning to end via business processes.
In the area of workflow automation, BPM is a comprehensive strategy to optimizing and automating business processes from start to finish. RPA, on the other hand, is a technology that deals with smaller, repetitive activities conducted by bots as part of a business process.
RPA is a specialized feature that falls under the umbrella of automation technologies. Macros and screen recorders are on one end of the spectrum, and business process management solutions are on the other.
Many people assume that RPA, like advanced BPM software, automates tasks from start to finish, which is not the case.
RPA brings a comprehensive set of tools to bear. It includes the workflow and decision engine features of a BPM tool, but it also has a comprehensive set of integration tools that allow you to integrate not just with APIs and the data layer, but also with any application through user interface.
Because these activities are often performed at the beginning of a process, RPA can play a big role in automating them. While RPA can be used in conjunction with BPM, it will not replace it.
BPM is concerned with simplifying and reengineering core business processes in order to increase efficiency. It may enhance business processes by assessing how they perform in various circumstances, making modifications, monitoring the improved processes, and constantly improving them.
Businesses of all sizes have always been concerned with improving processes; now, they’re also concerned with automating procedures. As a result, the interaction between BPM and RPA is developing.
With BPM and RPA combined in your automation strategy, you can tackle various difficulties.
In summary, RPA and BPM are not mutually exclusive. Although both are interested in process improvement, their areas of impact differ, and each scenario will necessitate a higher presence of one or the other. Indeed, in most cases, implementing BPM and RPA combined the optimal approach.
BPM vs RPA Table
|1- Technology||BPM detects bottlenecks in business processes and streamlines them to achieve shorter cycle times.||RPA is used to create bots that can do time-consuming and low-complexity repetitive jobs.|
|2- Objectives||Provides a stable basis for processes that structure how a business runs||Automate repetitious activities that are typically performed by humans|
|3- Human Interaction||Human tasks have been integrated into automated processes.||Reduce or eliminate the need for human involvement in automated processes.|
|4- Function||Work on the structural level||Interacts with high-level visuals and user interfaces|
|5- ROI||BPM is a long-term approach that leads to increased efficiency, cost savings, agility, productivity, and compliance over a longer period of time.||Benefits can be achieved quickly|
|6- Implementation||Implementation takes longer, but it has the potential to revolutionize the entire business and result in increased efficiency||RPA implementation does not necessitate significant effort since solutions may function smoothly across the organization’s existing technical ecosystem|
BPM and RPA Combined
BPM and RPA combined within enterprises will allow to manage end-to-end process automation in their digital transformation activities.
BPM is in charge of process orchestration, customer interactions, exception management, and complicated human decision-making.
RPA is in charge of repetitive operations that may be completely assigned to a digital workforce of software robots. A digital workforce of robots that execute jobs with pinpoint accuracy and enable organizations to grow.